Know Your Ash From Your Elbow: How To Identify An Ash Tree

by Paul Kirtley

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An Ash tree by Lake Windermere. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

An ash tree by Lake Windermere, Cumbria. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

Common ash, European ash or just “ash”, Fraxinus excelsior, is a common and widespread tree of northern Europe, including the UK and Ireland.

Ash trees make up a significant proportion of British hedgerows and are a key component of many mixed deciduous woodlands in the UK.

In the summer of 2013 a friend of mine sent me a link to an article in the online edition of the Independent newspaper entitled Save the ash tree? Half of us can’t even recognise an oak.

A YouGov poll conducted for the Woodland Trust was cited in the article; amidst all the publicity about Chalara ash die back, only 17% of those polled could recognise the leaf of common ash, Fraxinus excelsior.

And no, they weren’t required to know the scientific name, or have any detailed knowledge of the species, just to identify an ash leaf.

Drilling a little deeper into the numbers, only 10% of young people could identify an ash tree

So how do we identify an ash tree? What are the key identifying features to look for? Which ways of recognising ash are easy to pass on to other people?

Identifying An Ash Tree

Whenever we are looking to identify a species of tree, in addition to the general character of the tree, we can look to particular features to help us:

  • Buds
  • Leaves
  • Bark
  • Flowers
  • Fruit/Nuts
  • Other key identifying features

Common Ash, Fraxinus Excelsior

looking up an ash tree

Ash trees reach dizzying heights relatively quickly Photo: Paul Kirtley.

Common ash is tolerant of most soils except those which are excessively sandy. Ash does particularly well on chalky or rich soils. It is an abundant species and present in most wooded areas of the UK.

Ash trees will happily take a place as part of a hedge and ash forms a significant portion of hedgerows around the country. Here you’ll recognise its presence by its leaves, buds and characteristic upturned shoots (see below for more details).

Unfettered, ash grows to be one of the tallest trees in the forest, up to 30-40m (100 -130ft). This is suggested by the excelsior component of its scientific name, which means “higher” or “loftier”.

You’ll look up the beige-grey trunk of relatively modest diameter and be surprised how far up it goes.

Plus, unlike other large but more spreading British trees such as English Oak, the branches of ash have a character more of “reaching for the sky”.

Even the tip of each drooping shoot sweeps back upwards towards its end.

Ash is a deciduous tree, losing its leaves over winter. But some key identification features remain easily spotted year-round.

The Buds Of Ash, Fraxinus Excelsior

The buds of ash are one of its key identifying features. The buds are a sooty black, with one larger bud at the end of each shoot bracketed by an opposite pair of smaller buds a little further back. Shoots are a grey colour.

The combination of sooty black buds and upturned grey shoots is one of the easiest ways of positively identifying common ash in the winter, when it has no leaves.

The characteristic upturned shoots of ash. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

The characteristic upturned shoots of ash. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

The distinctive sooty-black buds of ash. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

The distinctive sooty-black buds of ash. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

Buds and greenery on an ash shoot. Photo: Paul Kirtley

Buds and greenery on an ash shoot. Photo: Paul Kirtley

The Leaves Of Ash, Fraxinus Excelsior

Ash has a compound leaf. That is, a leaf which is made up of multiple leaflets. These leaves occur in opposite pairs. With the exception of the terminal leaflet at the end of the leaf, these leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs.
There are typically 4-6 pairs, making 9-13 leaflets in total.

Each leaflet is irregularly serrated, rounded at the base and pointed at the end. The side leaflets have no stem and connect directly onto the mid-rib of the leaf, which is slightly downy underneath. Common ash leaves are a rich green on the top and lighter underneath.

Ash leaves are amongst the latest leaves to appear in the spring and the last to drop in the autumn. In the autumn, common ash leaves can briefly display a pale golden yellow before dropping from the tree.

Ash leaves

Ash leaves. Photo: Paul Kirtley

ash leaf detail

Leaf detail showing a couple of leaflet pairs and the terminal leaflet. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

underside of ash leaf

The underside of an ash leaf is lighter than the top. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

ash leaf on ground

Single ash leaf, fallen to the ground. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

The Bark Of Common Ash, Fraxinus Exclesior

The bark of young ash trees is smooth and a similar grey to the twigs. As the tree develops, the bark lightens to a beige-grey but stays relatively smooth compared to the boles of other similarly sized trees.

Eventually the bark develops some shallow fissures. The oldest of trees develop more pronounced fissures, and a darker grey colour, resembling the bark of mature English Oak.

In areas where there is clean air, lichens also readily grow on the bark of common ash, which may mask the colour of the bark beneath.

smooth grey bark of young ash tree

Smooth grey bark of a young ash tree. Photo: Paul Kirtly.

The smooth grey-beige bark of a larger ash tree. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

The smooth grey-beige bark of a larger ash tree. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

Bark of ash, Fraxinus excelsior, with lichen growth

Slghtly fissured ash bark, discoloured by lichen growth. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

fissured ash bark

More deeply fissured bark of a mature ash tree, starting to resemble the interwoven fissures of English oak. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

The Flowers And Seeds Of Common Ash, Fraxinus Excelsior

The flowers of ash are non-descript both to the eye and to the nose. The flowers are tiny, dark purple and appear – largely unnoticed – in clusters in the spring.

The seeds that form in clusters following the flowers are much more noticeable. They take the form of a winged ‘key’, bearing some resemblance to the seeds of sycamore, Acer pseudoplatanus. Common ash keys have only one wing, rather than the symmetrical wing-nut shape of sycamore.

Ash keys start off green but have turned brown by around the beginning of autumn. These brown clusters can stay on the trees long after the leaves have fallen and, if present, are an easily recognised identifying feature in the winter months.

ash keys green

Green ash ‘keys’. Photo: Paul Kirtley.

brown ash keys

Browned ash keys from the previous year on a bare branch in March. Photo: Paul Kirtley

The Value Of Ash

Ash is an extremely useful and valuable resource for the woodsman or woodswoman.

It is certainly worth putting in the effort to learn to recognise it easily as well as spreading the word so that others can also more readily identify and appreciate this majestic tree of our woodlands.

If you are fond of ash trees, please leave a comment below letting me and other people know why it’s a special tree for you.

Related Material On Paul Kirtley’s Blog

Bark And Buds: How To Easily Identify 12 Common European Deciduous Trees In Winter

Five Survival Plants Every Forager Should Know

Foraging For Early Spring Greens: Some To Eat, Some To Avoid

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Paul Kirtley is an award-winning professional bushcraft instructor. He is passionate about nature and wilderness travel. In addition to writing this blog Paul owns and runs Frontier Bushcraft, a wilderness bushcraft school, offering bushcraft courses and wilderness expeditions.

 

{ 64 comments… read them below or add one }

Rory

You forget they are there, you look past them when they are common and all around you but, when you move away it is trees like the beautiful ash that remind you of your northern home.

Lovely article.

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Glad you found it so evocative Rory. Thanks for your comment.

Warm regards,

Paul

Reply

Liam Gadd

Thanks to Stewart, Fraxinus Excelsior became one of the very first Latin names I learnt. I now have started to memorise and learn quite a few (Matt was also a big influence in this task). Also my studies in Norse mythology gave me a particular interest in the Ash tree before I’d even heard of “bushcraft” as Ygdrassil the world tree that oden hung from to discover the meaning of life, was often depicted as an Ash tree. Thanks again Paul, great article! 🙂

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Liam,

Thanks for your great comment. I’m glad you are continuing to learn both the practical skills as well as the knowledge regarding our trees. And there’s lots to be said for extending that knowledge to mythology.

Some people don’t think it’s worth learning the scientific names either but it allows to access to more resources regarding the species in question. It also allows you to converse on a level with other knowledgeable people, particularly when you don’t speak the same language. Even when you do speak the same language there are often multiple common names which are quite local, so knowing the scientific name helps you realise you’re talking about the same species.

Keep on enjoying your journey of discover Liam.

Warm regards,

Paul

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Loreli

Seconding this reason. Actually, the tree in front of my house (the “elm” in my website) I learned how to identify because I was reading mythology and thought for a min it was an ash. I tried to positively identify it as ash, and failed because it isn’t. That was a sad day.

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Buzzard Bushcraft

Ash is one of my favourite trees because it has so many uses..
Great article as usual Paul..

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Yes, they are fantastic. Thanks for your feedback.

Cheers,

Paul

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chen

Thanks for that guide. If I could have a book of that covering all those trees out there, I’d be very happy.

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Paul Kirtley

Thanks. I’m working on it Ingrid… 🙂

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karimah bint dawoud

thank you informative , now i’ll look out more

Reply

Paul Kirtley

You’re welcome. There are plenty around once you start looking, even in town.

Warm regards,

Paul

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Hayden

A very clear and concise reference article – what every beginner like me needs. Just to let you know, if you don’t alraedy, the FSC are releasing their ID apps for Android next year. Take care, Hayden.

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Hayden,

Thanks for your feedback – it’s much appreciated.

I’ll keep an eye out for the FSC apps. Thanks for the heads-up.

Warm regards,

Paul

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Jed Knight

Great article…am I correct in saying that Ash is also one of the very few trees where logs or rounds will burn readily when wet or green?

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Paul Kirtley

Hi Jed,

Thanks for your comment.

Yes, it is often related that ash burns green. It is.

It’s also often related that ash is excellent firewood. It is.

The problem is that some then put two and two together and get 5, concluding that green ash is excellent firewood. It isn’t.

Green ash will burn better than many green woods due to its relatively low water content.

I’d still rather burn dead, standing, dry wood though.

Hope this helps.

Paul

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Steve Bayley

After Birches Ash trees seem to have been the species most damaged by the recent storm in the UK, at least near where I live in southeast England. The birches have shallow roots and much of our woodland has shallow soil overlaying the compacted sand and gravel laid down by the proto-Thames. So many birches simply blew over. The Ash trees seem to have weathered the storm in that they are still standing but have had limbs torn off. I’ve cleared several huge ash branches where they were blocking paths often having been flung many meters from the tree. Many of these branches have been fairly large: 25cm to 30cm diameter and have provided some excellent fire wood and I’ve also been able to make several tool handles from the fallen branches. I hope that where braches have been torn off the ‘wounded’ trees won’t succumb to rot or disease, although I fear the worst. Many of the larger ash trees hereabouts are clearly quite old and have been coppiced at some point so now have three or four main trunks, often covered by an orange-yellow lichen. Those that have the largest single trunks are often hedgerow trees on the corner of a field or serve as markers on parish boundaries. I’ve read recently that some ash trees are showing resistance to Chalara, and I hope that the Ash won’t go the same way as the Elm. Once you’ve got your eye in its clear just how common the Ash is and how different our woods and hedgerows would look without these fine trees.

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Fr Dave B

Very well done Paul! Your article is also relevant in north america, (US & Canada) Again Well done Fr Dave b

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Thanks Fr Dave, I’m glad you found this useful too.

Warm regards,

Paul

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Steve,

It’s good to hear from you. Thanks for your detailed comment.

Yes, I think the more time you spend in the woods, the more of this natural attrition you see. But it’s good that you have been able to make use of some of the materials made available to you, not just for firewood but also for tool handles, etc. – things that should last you a long time.

I too hope that ash does not go the way of elm (as do a lot of other people) and the more we can keep an eye on what’s going on in the woods, then maybe we’ll be in a better position to understand and protect them.

Cheers,

Paul

Reply

Ben

Second to the Birch tree, Ash is definitely one of my favorite trees. I really hope that they can find and grow a resistant strain of this beautiful tree. Thanks for this article Paul, that first picture reminds me of summer days when I was a child, laying on my back and gazing up through the sun dappled leaves to the blue sky beyond. Here’s to hope for the future.

All the Best

B

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Well said Ben 🙂

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Dale Rohde

Thanks for the information on the Ash trees=Great Pictures

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Dale,

You’re very welcome!

Warm regards,

Paul

Reply

chris robinson

I do think it’s important to know certain trees but with most things in life I only remember what I need to know. I know I have got a lot of bad comment re

Reply

chris robinson

Analithical observation is important I know but knowing the right trees for food grubs or even types of fires is priority at the moment. Once I have a better understanding of this I will move on to closer vqluesnof different trees if the knowledge

Reply

kharled

The title of this article, really grabbed me. As truth be told i just about do. Plant and Tree identification is certainly my weak point. I got myself a couple of library books a couple of months ago ( yes I’ve paid my fine ) and I’ve been out with my kids learning them and myself. This is the method I go by.
Deciduous or Evergreen
Conifer or broadleaf
Leaves parallel or alternate
Habitat and location.
To be honest I can’t seem to see the woods for the trees, but i guess that’s part of learning. One day it will click.
Paul as always, great article. Thanks.

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Paul Kirtley

Hey Kharled,

It’s good to hear from you and I’m happy this article was useful to you.

Keep working on your tree identification – it really is a fundamental component of bushcraft. I understand the overwhelm when you open a book with hundreds, if not thousands of species in it. Where do you start?

After a while though you will start to build up a framework of familiar species into which you can slot new additions to your repertoire of knowledge. It just takes time.

It’s great that you are getting your kids involved too. I learned a lot directly and by osmosis from my dad and that has held me in good stead ever since.

Warm regards,

Paul

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JD

What a fantastic article! Thanks Paul, this is just what I (and many others I dare say) need. Every time I push myself to learn tree identification, I am simply overwhelmed by the hundreds of species in my reference books. I live in Ireland, and for the most part will never see half of those species.

What I need is to take it one tree at a time. Learn it well, be confident in identifying it, and it’s uses in bushcraft, then move on to learn another one. Learn 10 or 12 trees that are local, and know what they can be used for. Use that as a base for expanding my knowledge further. I have a young family, and really want my kids to grow up learning about nature.

Could I ask you to continue this with a series of articles on tree identification? One common tree at a time, with the fantastic detail you’ve give on the Ash. Maybe use the 12 trees that you wrote about in a previous article on identification in winter?

Thanks again for this article,
JD

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi JD,

Thanks for your feedback on this article. It’s good to know that it was particularly useful to you and pitched at the right level. As you say, there are likely others in the same boat.

I think your methodical approach, taking a tree at a time, is a good one and I completely understand the overwhelm presented by comprehensive identification guides.

I’ll do my best to make further resources available that will help you on your journey of learning and discovery. Plus, you know where I am if you have questions.

Keep on taking it one step at a time. Like any journey, that’s how you get to where you want to be.

Warm regards,

Paul

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John Carstairs

Excellent, informative, well written article, Paul.

I agree with JD, that a ‘series’ of these article on various trees would benefit myself, JD and so many others.

I am ‘mobility challenged’, but I try to get away to wild camp when I can and I am looking forward to taking this information with me and learning more about our surroundings. Hopefully passing this knowledge onto my granddaughter (even though she is only coming up for 2 years old just now).

I am a new subscriber to your blogs, Paul and I have found all the information you provide to be top notch. Keep up the fantastic work.

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi John,

Thanks for your feedback on this article. I’m happy it was useful and I’m glad you are able to pass onto your granddaughter some of the things you know.

Rest assured that I’ll continue to add high quality information and photos on by blog. Please keep in touch and let me know what you think of my various articles.

Warm regards,

Paul

Reply

Chris

I remember a poem in the bushcraft book by Ray Mears. The last line, about ash logs for firewood is something like ‘buy up all that come your way, they’re worth their weight in gold’. Great article! Great site!

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Chris,

Thanks for your kind words about this site.

You can find the firewood poem here.

Warm regards,

Paul

Reply

Heidi Pene

Hi Paul,
Can you please tell me if there is an Ash tree that is very similar but has brown ash buds instead of sooty black? I’m trying to identify a tree that is not in flower. It is very likely an Ash tree of some sort and looks much like the pics above except the leaf buds are brown.
Cheers ta
Heidi

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Heidi, thanks for getting in touch. Whereabouts are you/the tree in question?

Reply

Greg Wright
Bonnie Fuller

Is the European Mt. Ash trees suitable for my area of Central Wa. State which has a growing zone 5 climate (hot in summer and in the teens and snow in winter) after the Carlton Complex fire. We have an agency that have trees for us if we want them.

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Austin

Well written piece. The compositions tone exudes warmth and encouragement at a relaxed pace. That is, it does not proceed as so many scientific journals to resemble a dull inventory of characteristics.
In my neck of the woods, bottomland around the Saluda River , Greenville Fire Wood Poems
Wisdom of the ages
Author: Cilia Congrave 1930

Beechwood fires are bright and clear
If the logs are kept a year,
Chestnut’s only good they say,
If for logs ’tis laid away.
Make a fire of Elder tree,
Death within your house will be;
But ash new or ash old,
Is fit for a queen with crown of gold.

Birch and fir logs burn too fast
Blaze up bright and do not last,
it is by the Irish said
Hawthorn bakes the sweetest bread.
Elm wood burns like churchyard mould,
E’en the very flames are cold
But Ash green or Ash brown
Is fit for a queen with golden crown.

Poplar gives a bitter smoke,
Fills your eyes and makes you choke,
Apple wood will scent your room
Pear wood smells like flowers in bloom
Oaken logs, if dry and old
keep away the winter’s cold
But Ash wet or Ash dry
a king shall warm his slippers by.

The Firewood Rhyme – Anon
Logs to Burn, Logs to burn, Logs to burn,
Logs to save the coal a turn,
Here’s a word to make you wise,
When you hear the woodman’s cries.

Never heed his usual tale,
That he has good logs for sale,
But read these lines and really learn,
The proper kind of logs to burn.

Oak logs will warm you well,
If they’re old and dry.
Larch logs of pine will smell,
But the sparks will fly.

Beech logs for Christmas time,
Yew logs heat well.
“Scotch” logs it is a crime,
For anyone to sell.
Birch logs will burn too fast,
Chestnut scarce at all.
Hawthorn logs are good to last,
If you cut them in the fall.

Holly logs will burn like wax,
You should burn them green,
Elm logs like smouldering flax,
No flame to be seen.

Pear logs and apple logs,
They will scent your room,
Cherry logs across the dogs,
Smell like flowers in bloom

But ash logs, all smooth and grey,
Burn them green or old;
Buy up all that come your way,
They’re worth their weight in gold.

SC, U.S. , we seek out Ash trees in early spring when the Ashe’s mycorrhizal symbiotic partner, the Yellow Morel fruits there under .
One salient characteristic of the White Ashe’s is their “slingshot” appearance . The trunk usually forks about mid height and often the trees lean.
Thanks again for a lively yet studied article.

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David

Thank you for wonderful article. I’m struggling to identify a tree which I think is ash. It meets all of the criteria you’ve set out, except the leaves are not at all serrated. Could this be a particular variety? Many thanks, David

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Ian

Hi Paul.

Many thanks for an excellent article. I have been looking for a concise, clear identification guide specifically for the ash tree and this fits the bill perfectly. Now bookmarked for further referral.

Thanks again, your work is greatly appreciated by us novices especially….

Reply

Paul Kirtley

My pleasure Ian. Thanks for your feedback.

Warm regards,

Paul

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Liz

Hi, The only tree that I could identify really was the Oak, but being a horse owner I seen these trees in my horse’s field and freaked as I thought they were Sycamore which is highly poisonous to horses. It was the “keys” that alarmed me so went online and discovered to my relief that they were Ash trees, thank goodness. Now I’m looking at all sorts of trees and wondering what they are and can now identify the “Rowan” tree in my garden, which I hadn’t a clue what it was as I didn’t plant it. I also identified correctly a Sycamore tree and thank goodness it’s a long way off my horse’s field.

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Steve

Without a doubt the best blog describing how to identify an ash tree.

Excellent written description supported by brilliant photos.

Grant for me to teach my kids whilst walking through our gorgeous countryside

Thank you!

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Paul Kirtley

Thank you Steve. Your kids are lucky to have a dad willing to take them out and teach these things.

Go well.

Paul

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Janet

Do the new leaflets smell like lemon?

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Paul Kirtley

Not that I’d noticed Janet.

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Dave Walkden

Brilliant piece, sir!

I’ve been meaning to identify a tree that started growing in my garden about ten years ago for ages and tonight, with the help of your handy guide, I have discovered that it’s an Ash.

Many thanks.

Dave in Manchester.

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Dave,

I’m glad you found this so useful and it served to solve a 10-year old puzzle! 🙂

Warm regards,

Paul

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Gerry

Paul ! Excellent and informative, I’m currently nurturing a sapling to take with me when I move. I will miss our wonderful Ash Trees. You might be interested to hear of an amazing phenomenon I witnessed with our massive tree. It was June 6th an a very still hot day, all of the blossoms released their pollen at the same time and perfectly vertically – creating a magnificent and mystical deluge. It lasted about 10 seconds. You say your trees are the last to shed in Autumn, ours are the last to come into full leaf and the first to be completely devoid of leaf and keys, so they look quite dead. GF xxx

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Monica

I am trying to identify a tree that I thought was an ash. I have not seen any ash keys on it. I was concerned as the leaves brown off in Autumn rather like the illustrations of Ash Dieback. I thought it might be a sorbus of some sort but have never seen any fruits. What could it be? It grows on a grass verge by the road near my house.

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eddie

if anybody wants ash trees get in touch am in manchester uk have about 15 in my garden and pull up saplings evey year can have the lot

Reply

Arlene Machin

Hi Paul,
I am a fine art student making a propeller approx. 5 foot long out of ash. This was given to me by a local man who owns a wood yard.
I am so lucky as this is a beautiful wood to work with, it has a subtle pink appearance and a sweet smell.
I found your website whilst looking for some inspiration. I liked that the branches ‘reach for the skies’ as eventually this propeller will be fitted to an aeroplane and hopefully do just that.
Thanks for the clear information.
Arlene

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Majella Lloyd

Like many of the commenters above, I was delighted to happen to stumble across your page. What a beautiful and wonderfully informative article you have created Paul. Just what I was looking for! And lovely photos, well done.
I now live in Australia, and am trying to recreate a little bit of my youth in our garden here, and I have just ordered an ash, so I hope it grows for me..

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Hi Majella,

Thanks for your kind comments. I’m glad you enjoyed this page 🙂

Good luck with nurturing your ash tree.

Warm regards,

Paul

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Isa

Thank you for this article.

I’ve noticed quite a few ash saplings tend to have an s-shaped bend in them.

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Patricia

I have grown a Fraxinus excelsior Westhof’s Glorie One-leaved Ash since 1980. Unfortunately it has succumbed to the terrible Emerald Ash Borer. It is rampant in the GTA area (Toronto, Ontario).

Now it is noted that this European ash is susceptible to ash borer. It wasn’t known back in the 1980’s.

It is a seedless variety, that is why I bought it that long time ago.

It has to come down, we have tried keeping it for as long as possible, but it is dying if not dead this spring. Sad to see it come down.

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Jacob

Hi, I managed to save an ash tree quite recently that was to be pulled out of the ground for a house extension. Im hoping to turn the small tee into a bonsai. I’m just wondering day what temperatures the ash can live at- I know it would require dormancy but I am wondering if it could be kept indoors thoughout the other seasons.

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Lalitha

Hi

I’ve just put down Robert Macfarlanes The Old Ways and felt quite ashamed about my lack of knowledge about the trees, shrubs and wild flowers I see all around me. So am on a mission to learn. Sitting now under the shade of a fairly young Ash near home in West Yorkshire. All with the aid of your guide .
Thank you!!
Lalitha

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Lalitha

Hi

I’ve just put down Robert Macfarlanes The Old Ways and felt quite ashamed about my lack of knowledge about the trees, shrubs and wild flowers I see all around me. So am on a mission to learn. Sitting now under the shade of a fairly young Ash (now i know) near home in West Yorkshire. All with the aid of your guide .
Thank you!!
Lalitha

Reply

Paul Kirtley

Good book! 🙂

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carla murch

Hi Paul have a large wild plot at the end of our garden in south Wales only neighbours on one side I’ve cut a twenty four ash tree down on neighbours boundary but many more saplings are springing up on the wild in boundaries sides. I was worried and thought I’d uproot them but now I’m going to leave them as a woodland after all Ysdraggil was the sacred tree of the Celts.

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Jane

I am very sad because new people moved in house behind us and have decided to chop down the big Ash tree at the bottom of their garden. It must be at least 35ft high and is a haven for birds not to mention the privacy it gives us in the summer. It hangs over into the bottom of our garden and I love it but sadly can do nothing to stop the destruction

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Maggie

Paul, two years ago I bought a house with a large ash tree at the bottom of the garden. At that time (December 2014) it was covered in dried brown seed pods. I expected them to drop off in the spring, but they didn’t. They were still there the following winter and have stayed there all this year as well. There have been no new green pods. . Any idea why this has happened?

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Alf

Hi, really enjoyed the site but! didnt find what I was looking for. We have several large Ash in our small garden in Cornwall, we have only here three seasons and I am still trying to sort what tree`s we actually do have here. There are two huge Ash trees side by side with such different characteristics that I doubted if they were actually both Ash. One had lost all its leaves by mid October, but retained lots of seed pods, the other has no seed pods but is still in full leaf (27th Oct) and this is the exactly what happened last year. ?

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